A pregnant woman goes through three important periods of physical changes, the first trimester for the first 0-3 month of pregnancy, second trimester for the 4-6 months and the third trimester,which is also the last period of pregnancy for the 7-9 months. The health goal is to reduce the discomfort brought to pregnancy at different phases and supplement the nutrition needed for baby’s growth. The soon-to-be mom shall get prepared both physically and mentally and pay attention to control the the weight change in a reasonable range.
The food you eat during pregnancy and breastfeeding can affect the health outcomes of your child. This is because, during pregnancy, the body needs more nutrients to meet the needs of the mother and the unborn baby. For this reason, pregnant women often run into risks of inadequate nutrients. The risk is even higher in some classes of women like women who are on a special diet, women who smoke and women who are underweight or overweight/obese. Eating good foods during pregnancy and breastfeeding helps prevent the risk of diseases in a child as they grow older. At their early stage, good maternal nutrition ensures that the child gets all the required nutrients to form healthy tissues, organs and bones before they are born. It also provides a mother’s breast milk with all dietary requirements needed for the child’s development.
Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, is a water-soluble vitamin B. It is an essential nutrient that our body cannot produce on its own, so we must obtain it through diet. The human body needs folic acid to carry out some basic processes that keep us healthy. For example, folic acid helps the body form healthy red blood cells. These cells help transport oxygen and nutrients to the lungs and human tissues; they also form blood clots to prevent We lost too much blood when we were injured. In addition, red blood cells also help the kidneys and liver filter waste in the blood and purify the blood. Secondly, folic acid is also very important for cell division. Based on this, studies have found that folic acid helps prevent birth defects of neural tube defects. Therefore, it is recommended that pregnant women take more folic acid during pregnancy to ensure that your unborn child can grow and develop normally.