Menopause is a normal and natural part of ageing in a woman's life. This stage marks the end of a woman's reproductive years. It is usually diagnosed after 12 months of not having a menstrual period. Typically, women experience signs of menopause during their late 40s to early 50s. However, it can happen earlier or later.
During menopause, several biological changes can happen to a woman's body. For example, her ovaries stop producing hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. Studies suggest that some symptoms can indicate that a woman may be approaching menopause. These signs of menopause include vaginal dryness, sleep disturbances, and mood changes.
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6 Common Signs of Menopause
As women approach menopause, their menstrual cycle becomes irregular. They may notice their periods becoming shorter, longer, heavier or lighter. In some cases, they may skip a monthly flow. So, if you are above 40 years and you experience an irregular period, this could be a sign of menopause.
2. Hot Flashes
Hot flashes are brief feelings of heat that spread throughout the body. This burning feeling can last a few seconds to several minutes. It is often accompanied by sweating and a fast heartbeat.
3. Night Sweats
Night sweats are similar to hot flashes. However, night sweats occur during sleep. They can be so severe that they disrupt sleep, leading to fatigue and stress.
A typical sign of menopause is a lack of sleep. During menopause, women may experience difficulty sleeping due to night sweats and hot flashes. This causes them a lot of stress and fatigue and affects their sleep pattern.
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5. Vaginal Dryness
Estrogen is the hormone responsible for keeping the vagina lubricated. During menopause, a woman's estrogen levels decline gradually. This makes their vaginal dry, leading to discomfort and pain during intercourse. In some other cases, vaginal dryness can increase risk of infections
6. Mood Changes
Severe mood swings could be a sign of menopause. This is due to hormonal changes, which the body is trying to adjust to. More so, going through the phase of menopause for the first time could affect a women's mood. In some cases, it could cause depression and irritability.
How Can I Cope with Menopause?
Several treatments can help to manage menopausal symptoms. These include hormone therapy and antidepressants. Practicing some lifestyle changes, such as exercise and a healthy diet, can also help to reduce the signs of menopause. Women need to talk to a qualified healthcare provider about their options and choose a treatment plan that's right for them.
Menopause is a natural part of the ageing process for every woman. It doesn't mean the end of a fulfilling or satisfying life. With proper care, women can continue to live active, happy lives well into their golden years.
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