Some common diseases recorded among adults in the world today are low back pain and severe joint degeneration. This is because adulthood usually reflects the consequences of certain experiences, special challenges and habits when we were young. Interestingly, low back pain occurs in both active and inactive adults. At present, low back pain has become a common problem among the elderly, especially those over 65.
However, regardless of age, lower back pain is accompanied by symptoms of varying degrees, which are usually described as distressing, uncomfortable and painful.
Unfortunately, we live in a society where 「pain」 is often not adequately treated and diagnosed in the early stages. This review highlights the causes and dilemmas of young adults with mild back pain and chronic pain. It also focuses on some mainstream drugs used to treat low back pain. At the end of this article, it also explains and demonstrates the practice of interdisciplinary treatment strategies for chronic pain.
Common causes of low back pain in adults
Identifying the external cause of low back pain is one thing, but discovering the root cause/diagnostic cause is another. The lower back of the human body is composed of multiple independent parts, which can make adults feel pain. Some of these include ligaments, abdominal muscles, intervertebral discs and small joints of the spine. More importantly, each of these parts exhibited obvious overlapping axial and peripheral axial pain patterns, making it difficult to form an accurate prognostic diagnosis. This explains why some patients face diagnostic difficulties, and in the long run, sometimes it can bring challenges to treatment.
However, a sedentary lifestyle is a common cause of low back pain in young people. Most of these people are usually working-class adults. When performing their duties, they usually spend several hours sitting, or almost remaining still or motionless. In addition, overweight adults with mobility impairments are more likely to have low back pain as they age. Regular exercise can solve this problem. Regular exercise can stretch the spine and improve blood flow around all joints and discs in the lower back. Exercise also helps to increase muscle strength, endurance and flexibility.
Participating in sports and extreme physical exercise account for a certain proportion of young people’s low back pain. Due to daily physical exercise and repeated falls, athletes are at risk of mild inflammation, bruising or chronic complications in the waist. Low back pain and knee injuries can bring an athlete’s career to an abrupt end. Therefore, it is definitely beneficial to carry out specialized exercise and adequate calcium intake for adults who exercise a lot (such as athletes). Increasing bone density and muscle strength can cushion the impact and reduce the risk of fracture in the event of a fall.
Finally, most adult women complain of low back pain immediately after delivery, and sometimes even during menopause. The reason is that hormones relax ligaments and joints during pregnancy. In addition, being overweight during pregnancy may strain your abdominal muscles and even seriously affect your posture. Therefore, for example, giving birth to 5-6 children within 10 years, coupled with the strict task of caring for the baby, usually causes low back pain in adult women.
Effect of lower back pain
Some patients describe their waist pain as a quick and sharp sensation, while others describe it as a prolonged discomfort around the painful area. The effects of low back pain are mainly psychological and physical. As we all know, recurrent pain, especially in the waist, can reduce the patient’s physical activity, depression and sleep disturbance, thereby seriously threatening the quality of life. In the case of chronic pain, the elderly face an increased risk of 「fall-related」 injuries, which can lead to disorders due to the aging process. It is vital to use effective drugs and powerful physical therapy to combat this situation.
Which drug can treat low back pain?
In recent years, drugs such as opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antidepressants, and over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics are commonly used to treat low back pain. As mentioned earlier in this article, it is strongly recommended to include diagnostic injuries as the internal cause of back pain before choosing a treatment. More importantly, most drugs used to treat pain usually have a sedative effect and require careful monitoring of patients, especially if they participate in physical exercise.
The simple way to treat mild back pain is to use joint care formula capsules. These formulas usually contain natural compounds designed to lubricate joints and stimulate cartilage regeneration. A typical example is glucosamine sulfate. If you are looking for supplements that can relieve joint pain, glucosamine may be the answer. Glucosamine supplements also seem to be safe and may be suitable for people who are intolerant to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Another example is celery seeds. Its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects make it an effective formula additive to reduce joint swelling, back pain and arthritis.
On the other hand, physical intervention for chronic low back pain in the elderly is imperative. In fact, many recent studies have sought to use biopsychosocial methods or comprehensive interventional methods to treat chronic low back pain. This has led to the rapid spread of pain management programs, myofascial release therapy and chiropractic therapy. Physical intervention can make the customization of treatment strategies and methods focus on [the whole person], not just the painful area. In short, the combination of drug therapy and physical intervention can promote the overall welfare of patients with chronic low back pain.
Treatment of low back pain requires a continuous and systematic approach. Unfortunately, most patients deal with their condition very improperly. Please avoid guesswork and self-diagnosis before choosing a medical plan. It is also important to take every pain seriously. If the pain persists or becomes unbearable, consult a doctor for proper care.
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- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Back Pain During Pregnancy, January 2016.