Taking care of our collective sense organs is very imperative for our survival because we rely on our senses to learn, interact, and even protect ourselves. Eye care itself is an integral part of our cognitive system. Once the sense of sight is impaired in any way, it could have a negative impact on a person’s safety, health, and wellbeing. This is because, out of all the sense organs, the brain depends on the eyes to perform most of its quickest and accurate set of interpretations within an environment. To this end, visual health and acuity have become a priority, especially among infants and members of the older class.
Plus, eye problems can be uncomfortable, frustrating, and limiting. Cases have shown that severe visual impairment not only causes distress to the patient, but also inconveniences the family members who take care of the patient. In order to maintain family welfare and minimize the risk of physical discomfort, this article describes several basic eye care methods, hoping to help everyone. Therefore, this article focuses on several safe and healthy basic preventive measures for common eye problems.
1. Avoid Exposing the Eyes to Harmful Light Rays
Harmful light rays are everywhere; this includes the sun emitting harmful ultraviolet (UV) and our artificial low energy lighting system, also known as the “LED.” Nowadays, we live in a technologically enhanced world where almost all of our beloved gadgets are illuminated by light-emitting diode (LED).
Research has it that large amounts of blue light can be indisputably damaging to the retina. More so, spending long hours gazing or staring on our mobile electronic devices with LED-backlit screens exposes the eyes to short wavelength radiation –which may produce detriment effects due to prolonged exposure.
Another common eye problem is computer vision syndrome. This is a disease caused by prolonged, uninterrupted cycles of looking at a computer screen or other playback device. Computer Vision Syndrome is often accompanied by symptoms such as headaches, blurred vision, neck pain, visual fatigue, dry eyes and even restlessness and inability to concentrate.
Avoiding contact with harmful light rays should be a top priority for persons with biological eye defects because their eyes may be more vulnerable to the potential risk of cumulative tissue damage. Consequently, they must observe all precautions and ensure their lenses are fortified to avoid further ocular tissue damage.
The International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection recommends (>10,000 seconds or about three hours) safe exposure limits to artificial light rays.
Always make use of an Eye Protect System in a professional workspace eg, Welding Company.
Ensure to get photochromic and anti-reflective lenses where necessary.
Do don dazzle the eye. Minimize screen brightness and make use of Night light if needed.
Invest in vision-enhancing nutrition
Add some natural antioxidant supplements to your diet.
2. Avoid Smoking For The Sake Of The Eyes
Quitting smoking is an important measure to protect your eyes. Since the eyes are close to the heat source of burning cigarettes and fly ash, it is easy to cause damage to the eyes. Cigarette smoke also contains high levels of chemicals and carbon dioxide, which can block blood flow around the eyes if they are higher than the oxygen levels at the cellular level. Numerous studies have shown that nicotine adversely affects the oxygen supply and tissue blood flow velocity in the optic nerve of habitual smokers. Many studies also link smoking to an increased risk of age-related macular or lens degeneration. Therefore, smoking as little as possible, or even not smoking, is strongly recommended, especially if you have pre-existing eye problems.
Abstinence is the absolute key; however, opt for electronic or e-cigarettes are a possible means of reducing tobacco consumption.
3. Avoid Eye Contact With Chemical Irritants.
Be alert at all times to avoid chemical contact with eyes. If you are at increased risk of exposure to chemicals in a professional setting, make sure you are trained on how to handle these substances to keep your eyes from harming yourself. Also, keep chemicals and flammable substances out of the reach of children at home. These substances include insecticides, fresheners, propellants and soap sprays which, if contacted with the eyes, can cause irritation or damage to the eyes, and potentially more serious consequences.
It would help if you were mindful of some other examples of harmful substances like varnishes, sodium hypochlorite, eugenol, hydrogen peroxide, and phosphoric acid.
4. Avoid Physical Trauma to the Eyes
Trauma is a major cause of increased risk of eye damage and blurred vision. Eye trauma can be caused by foreign material entering the eye. Generally speaking, the eyeball can filter some invisible dirt through blinking and eyelashes, thereby protecting the eyes from these things. However, high velocity projectiles can also cause physical trauma to the eye. They may cause penetrating injuries to the eye or painful movement around the eyes. Hazardous particles include sand, amalgam fragments, and debris from reamers, among others.
It is best for professionals and, most especially, subsistence farmers to wear protective eye goggles to avoid eye collusion with fast-flying particles. Children must also be cautioned to refrain from the use of dangerous acts such as the use of toy guns and sharp pointed objects.
In the case of penetrating injury, avoid the use of drugs containing aspirin or ibuprofen .
Take sufficient bed rest for the blood to clear (Head should be maintained in an upright position while sleeping)
A doctor may recommend Steroids to help with the inflammation.
5. Keep an Eye Out For Beneficial Eye Nutrition and Supplementation
We cannot underestimateNutritionThe importance of the eyes. In some developing countries, nutritional deficiencies and lens aging are the main causes of vision loss. In contrast, age-related eye degeneration is the leading cause in some developed countries. There is clinical evidence that has been found such as lutein, zeaxanthin,Vitamin C ,Vitamin E , Zinc, copper,Omega-3 Fatty AcidsNutrients such as DHA (especially DHA) can reduce the occurrence of age-related macular degeneration and delay its onset process.
Leveraging multivitamin supplementation is yet another way of ensuring that you have a sufficient supply of eye care, enhancing nutrients on a daily basis. Most product formulations in the market are usually a standard embodiment of high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory to help reduce the damage of free radicals and protect the eyes from continuous degradation.
The eye is a fragile but important organ in the human body, and fighting any form of visual impairment poses challenges and threats to a person's quality of life. If we can take these safety precautions and buy some eye care supplements, we can get good eye care effects. Therefore, we recommend that the elderly, infants and those with eye problems embark on a strict multivitamin regimen.
Every family member has a role to play in achieving proper eye care. Infants must be supervised, cautioned, and educated against scenarios that may put the eye in danger. Lastly, note that matters and medications of eyes are not worth a gamble. In cases of doubt, please reach out to an optometrist or a primary care doctor for appropriate guidance.
Reference and Further Reading
- Rosenfield M. (2011) Computer vision syndrome: A review of ocular causes and potential treatments. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 31 (5), 502-155. Google Scholar
- McKinsey & Company. Lighting the way – Perspectives on the global lighting market. 2nd edition report. Aug 2012 Google Scholar
- Nutrition and Eye Health https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6771137/ accessed 6th September, 2020.
- An eye on nutrition: The role of vitamins, essential fatty acids, and antioxidants in age-related macular degeneration, dry eye syndrome, and cataract https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2015.11.009